A Complete Guide to In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)


In vitro fertilization It quickly catches up with couples who have difficulty conceiving. This is a long process that requires careful attention from the couple as well as the doctor. Although it is a wonderful medical procedure that couples all over the world can use. However, there are risks and you need to be prepared.

IVF can help create a controlled environment that increases egg fertilization, but there is always a risk of failure. It is normal to feel anxious or stressed about a procedure. “Although every case is extraordinary and it is not easy to accurately predict how every patient’s cycle will unfold, your doctor can draw an essential timeline and enlighten the patient on the major milestones”, “Dr Nishi Singh An MBBS, DGOMS (Obstetrics and Gynecology)

To avoid last-minute jitters, it’s important to understand the process and how it works well in advance. Let’s take a look at the steps involved in IVF treatments.

What is IVF?

In IVF, the sperm and egg are mixed together in a laboratory dish and incubated. They are then closely monitored during the fertilization process. “During the first 3 to 5 days, successfully fertilized eggs develop and turn into an embryo. The quality of the embryo is then inspected for transfer, freezing or further cultivation and enhancement,” adds Dr. Singh.

IVF is not a treatment. It’s a serie. The average IVF cycle takes between 6 and 8 weeks from counseling to transfer. However, this depends on individual circumstances. The only difference is how you respond to the treatment at each stage.

In vitro fertilization (IVF process

Week 1
First visits and consultations

Seeking fertility treatment is a brave step. This is usually accompanied by many questions. This first step allows you to find real answers to your questions.

Initial consultation
The facility will collect a detailed medical history from you and your spouse. This information will be used to help answer any concerns or questions you may have. To dispel all doubts, it is important to think about all. This appointment will be used to review your diagnosis and discuss your treatment plans. This is where most of the planning takes place. You will also learn how to self-administer medications used in IVF cycles and important timing procedures.

Week 2-4: Start planning

This is where it all begins.

IVF Pretreatment Basics Comprehensive lab testing can give you a better picture of your fertility so your fertility specialists can provide a personalized, individualized IVF protocol. Standard pre-IVF tests include:

  • A blood panel
  • ultrasound
  • Infectious disease screening
  • Uterine assessment
  • Male fertility test, including a semen test.

Start contraceptives: The next step is to manage and set up your ovaries. Then you can expect to take birth control medication for 2-4 weeks after the test and determination, depending on how long your period is.

Week 5: Compliance with prescriptions

When Once you stop taking birth control pills, you will begin a process called controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH). “At the center, you will have an ultrasound to assess the uterus and ovaries, and you can start as soon as you get the green light. There are two fundamental parts to the COH interaction,” these are some of the points Singh.

  • Take fertility drugs (for about fourteen days) Oral fertility drugs such as Clomid and injectable follicle stimulating chemicals (Follistim Gonal) The follicles in your ovaries are stimulated with -F to increase the number of eggs they produce. The goal is to produce approximately four eggs using one rich drug.
  • Observation visits (during the fertility phase) Ultrasounds To monitor the development of your eggs and follicles, blood tests are performed. This is the most difficult part of the IVF interaction and typically requires 5-7 office visits.

Week 7: Departure, recovery and egg preparation

After You should monitor your follicles for 10-12 days before starting fertility medicine. After this time, you can trigger final egg maturation with hCG.

Egg retrieval: On that day, your partner will give you a semen sample. The sample will be collected around the same time as your egg retrieval.

Egg The laboratory consolidates sperm and eggs: If everything works perfectly, fertilization occurs and embryos can be created. Miscellaneous To increase the chances of a successful pregnancy, you can make choices at this stage.

Intracytoplasmic sperm infusion (ICSI). If male infertility is an issue, this is a good choice. This is how a single healthy egg can be infused.

Assisted hatching is a method where a small opening is made in the outer layer of an embryo (the zona pellucida) in an attempt to build up the implantation rhythm after transfer.

Preimplantation Genetic Screening (PGS) and Diagnosis (PGD). Can help ensure that only healthy eggs are passed on. In cases of repeated miscarriage, a congenital anomaly is often the cause. This test can also be useful.

Inside Embryos can be transferred within 3-6 days of fertilization. Daily specialists use this method to identify the embryos best suited for long-term transfer. In IVF can also be used. Lab You will be kept informed of their progress through daily reports.

Embryo or blastocyst transfer: “About three days after fertilization, the embryos are prepared for transfer; however, a few patients like to wait a few days until they have reached the blastocyst stage (roughly five days after treatment). The embryo or blastocyst is introduced into the uterus using a thin, flexible plastic tube, which is gently passed through the opening of the cervix, inducing the inside of the uterus . You will not need sedation for this technique. For the most part, it’s easy; however, a few women may experience mild pressure. You can see the transfer as it happens with an ultrasound,” Singh adds.

Post-IVF procedure

After You will need to take progesterone to help support your uterine lining during the transfer and to allow implantation.

Pregnancy #1: Approximately 12 days after the embryo/blastocyst transplant, you will take your most memorable first pregnancy test at the center. If it’s positive. We will plan for you. Pregnancy test #2.

Pregnancy #2: This recurrent test is performed less than a week after the initial positive test. If the result is positive, we will schedule an ultrasound for you within 2-3 weeks. Then you can start seeing an OB/GYN.

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