Endocrine disorders: from causes to treatments, here is your reference guide

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A person can be diagnosed with an endocrine disorder if their hormone levels are too high or too low, or if their body is not responding to hormones properly. There are many endocrine disorders – from diabetes to thyroid – that can affect your quality of life and may require you to make certain changes to your daily lifestyle and eating habits. Read on to learn more about the different types of endocrine disorders and their diagnosis.

causes

Endocrine disorders occur when the endocrine system, responsible for producing hormones, is unable to function properly. “One can suffer from these disorders for various reasons, such as hormonal imbalances. As these conditions affect hormones, they can cause a wide range of symptoms and influence growth and development, metabolism, sexual function and mood,” said Dr. Niranjan Nayak, Consultant Pathologist, Apollo Diagnostics.

Here are some of the common endocrine disorders:

*Diabetes is a disease that causes high blood glucose levels because the body is unable to produce or use enough insulin to regulate glucose. A person with diabetes may experience signs such as increased thirst and urination, increased hunger, unexpected weight changes, persistent sores, numbness or tingling in the hands or feet, fatigue and even blurred vision.

Nutritious foods are extremely important (Source: Getty Images/Thinkstock)

* Thyroid, which is of two types, is also seen in majority of people. Hyperthyroidism occurs when the thyroid gland produces too many hormones. The causes are inflammation of the thyroid gland or Graves’ disease. The symptoms include rapid or irregular heartbeat, trouble sleeping, irritability, fatigue, frequent bowel movements, and weight loss with increased appetite. Hypothyroidism occurs when the thyroid does not produce enough hormones. Signs such as weight gain, fatigue, slow speech, dry skin, muscle cramps, confusion, constipation, and tingling hands will be exhibited. These endocrine problems will require immediate attention.

Diagnostic

For diagnosis, he is usually asked to take a urine test, MRI, genetic tests, hormone tests, and blood tests depending on the type of problems he has. Do not skip any test or examination suggested by the doctor. This can lead to a delay in timely diagnosis and treatment.

Treatment

This may vary from person to person. The doctor will decide what medications or any therapy you may need. Also respect a balanced lifestyle consisting of nutritious foodexercise and maintain an optimal weight.

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