Guide to GCSE Results for England, Summer 2022


The students who took the GCSE exams and formal assessments this summer have shown incredible resilience, and today we celebrate their achievement. To recognize the disruption they have suffered due to the Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic, Ofqual has made arrangements with the Department of Education and Examination Boards to put in place an unprecedented package of support for students.

This support included some course modifications to reflect public health restrictions in place at the time students were taking their assessments, content choice in some subjects, and formulas and equation sheets were provided in math and science. . The exam boards also released advance information in February on some of the topics that would be on the exams. This was intended to help students focus on their revision and to make exams less daunting.

For all subjects, there was a lenient grading, reflecting an intermediate position between the 2021 and 2019 grades.

Chief Regulator Dr Jo Saxton said:

Students collecting GCSE results today can be so proud of their achievements – a testament to their hard work and resilience over the past 2 years. I know from having visited schools and colleges across England since September that students and teachers are welcoming the return of formal exams and assessments. Students have told me they want the chance to prove themselves in this tried and true way.

As with A-level results, today’s GCSE results are overall higher than 2019 and, as we have always said, lower than 2021, when there was a different assessment method . It makes sense to compare this year’s results with those of 2019 when the exams were last taken. I was convinced that it wouldn’t have been right to go straight back to pre-pandemic scoring all at once, but to accept that we have to keep getting back to normal. Overall, these results, which come halfway between 2021 and 2019, represent a milestone in that journey.

Key points

  1. This is the first set of summer exams since 2019. Today’s results should not be compared to 2020 or 2021, due to different assessment methods.

  2. Overall GCSE results are higher than in 2019. Year 7+ results are 26.0% compared to 20.6% in 2019, and Year 4+ results are 73.0% compared to 67, 0% in 2019.

  3. French and German GCSE results reflect the adjustments we have asked review boards to makefollowing the announcement of our intention to better align grading standards with Spanish

Today (August 25, 2022), we publish:

As in a typical year, the Joint Qualifications Council (JCQ) has results published in England for the GCSE, globally and by subject. These results are also presented in our interactive visualization.

Center type results

Ofqual has updated its interactive visualization to show GCSE results for different types of schools and colleges compared to previous years, globally and by subject. The center type categories are based on the National Center Number (NCN) Registry and are self-reported by the centres.

Overall results for all types of schools and colleges are higher than 2019 in grades 7 and up. The extent to which results have changed from 2019 is likely, in part, to reflect long-standing differences in the trend of results for different types of centers. This summer’s results will also reflect any incremental impact of the pandemic.

Cumulative percentage results by type of center – grade 7 and up

Type of center 2019 2021 2022
Academies 20.7 28.0 25.6
Free schools 20.6 29.2 25.5
FE establishment 1.0 2.2 1.5
Independent 47.0 61.2 53.0
Other 7.2 12.7 10.3
Complete secondary 18.5 26.0 23.3
Modern secondary 13.6 20.0 16.7
Secondary Selective 58.1 68.5 66.2
Sixth grade college 1.4 3.3 2.4
Higher College 1.9 3.5 2.9

In grade 4 and up, the results of different types of schools and colleges vary compared to 2019. This likely reflects the changing cohort in certain types of daycare. For example, there is a much smaller cohort after age 16 this summer, and these learners typically make up the majority of entries into tertiary institutions and colleges.

Cumulative percentage results by type of center – 4th year and above

Type of center 2019 2021 2022
Academies 69.2 78.2 74.5
Free schools 69.2 78.7 73.9
FE establishment 24.0 37.9 23.4
Independent 90.1 95.5 92.5
Other 37.3 54.2 43.2
Complete secondary 67.6 77.3 73.3
Modern secondary 61.7 71.6 67.5
Secondary Selective 96.9 98.8 97.9
Sixth grade college 31.2 47.6 27.4
Higher College 27.0 42.1 25.4

Central variability

Ofqual’s interactive visualization shows the level of variation in schools’ and colleges’ GCSE results from 2019. We know that each year individual schools and colleges can see a variation in the proportion of pupils achieving particular grades over years previous ones. This can be due to many different factors, including differences in the composition of students enrolled for particular qualifications, different teaching approaches, changes in teaching staff or teaching time, and changes in qualifications. This year, the ranking approach is also more lenient than before the pandemic.

In general, there is a bit more variation in center results. This is not surprising given that the comparisons are made over a longer period (3 years). Our interactive visualization allows users to explore the variation in center results for different age groups and center sizes.

Tie analyzes

Now that the results have been published, Ofqual will repeat the ties analyzes we published in 2020 and 2021. It was not possible for us to complete this analysis before the results were published, as the final data from the exams is only available very close to results days. . We will publish it as soon as possible, in the fall.

In 2020 and 2021, this analysis examined whether the differences between the results of different groups of students, which are observed in the years when the exams are held, had changed. This summer, the same assessment methods apply to all students. Any change in achievement differences for students with different protected characteristics is likely due to other factors, such as the impact of the pandemic.

Level Limits

Review boards set grade limits this summer based on a combination of qualitative and quantitative evidence. As in previous years, when exams were held, the examiner’s judgment played an important role in reviewing the quality of student work.

In general, tier limits are lower this summer than in 2019. That’s no surprise given the lax approach to grading. However, not all grade limits are lower than 2019, as the position of the limits also reflects the difficulty of the assessment. Assessment arrangements in a number of GCSE subjects were also different this summer – for example, there was a choice of content in some subjects. For these specifications, direct comparisons between the limits of the levels this summer and in 2019 cannot be made.

French and German GCSEs

In 2019, we announced that we would seek to align the French and German GCSE grading standards with Spanish, following the conclusion of our cross-subject comparability work. This summer, we asked the exam boards to make an upward adjustment in French and German at levels 9, 7 and 4. This was taken into account during the award and is reflected in the results. We will review this and determine if further adjustments are needed in future series.


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