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The changes with the modernization of the world, politics, economics, business management, public administration, it is a fact that it has as much effect on fields and individuals as on the structures of institutions and states. As a result, significant changes and development processes affecting societies have been observed and over time it has been understood that it is possible to manage these processes in a targeted manner through strategic planning. What makes strategic management and its strategic planning so important is the success or failure of these processes.

For this reason, the study will refer to the strategic method, the concept of strategic planning, the relationship of strategic planning to the strategic method, the purpose, importance and processes of strategic planning. Next, the country’s strategic planning practices in the military, political and educational fields will be discussed, and the last section will talk about the contribution of strategic planning to the country’s development.

Strategic management

The main objective of strategic management is to ensure the long-term stability of the institution, to maintain the continuity of strategic management institutions and to seek answers to the question of how they will perform in the face of competition. While strategic management seems to be synonymous with strategic planning and even interchangeable, they differ in implementation and scope. Strategic planning is generally used in practice while strategic management is mostly used in academic literature. Apart from this, strategic management is used from time to time to explain strategies, implementation and evaluation processes while strategic planning only describes the creation of strategies.

Strategic planning Relationship with strategic management

Since 1980, strategic management in the management literature began with determining certain strategies for actions to be taken and then includes steps such as research, review, evaluation and selection to plan; and it has been defined and used as a set of functions involved in the activities of senior officials of the institution, who take all kinds of structural and incentive measures and deal with them so that these strategies are implemented, before practices, include a rechecking their conformity with the objectives. In this case, a close relationship between strategic management and strategic planning is very clear, and in a way, strategic management includes strategic planning. Indeed, the development of strategic management and the development of strategic planning evolve in parallel. In other words, strategic management can be considered as a management activity that covers strategic planning.

Strategic planning and objectives

Due to the changes of balance in an increasingly modernized world, the organizational structures of institutions have also developed. This has pushed institutions to plan, as they are expected to achieve goals within these growing and developing structures with limited resources in the most efficient and shortest time frame. In this sense, the purpose of planning is to carry out the functions of the institutions in the most practical way, with the minimum of resources and time, according to the objectives set for them.

The concept of strategic planning was first used in a private sector in the mid-1960s and has therefore moved beyond the literature. Strategic planning later adopted by public institutions is an application that enables successful management of management processes with the shortest definition. It brings clarity on what we want to do, how and under what conditions, and the mat is compared to the actions in progress. What is the capacity of a management, “who are we?” What are our skills, what are we trying to understand? What are the differences between what we plan to do now, what critical issues are we facing, what resources can be deployed, have we defined our priorities? Answers to strategic planning questions

In more detail, provide management based on strategic planning, goals and objectives, ensure that processes are actually important to achieve desired performance results, ensure efficient use of distributed resources, increase public satisfaction, ensure internal financial discipline (responsibility), inter-agency transparency, clarity, authority of institutions, it allows it to be strengthened in terms of responsibility and image.

Strategic planning process

The strategic planning processes work as follows: mission determination and vision concept, objective determination, internal analysis, external environmental analysis, detection of corporate strategy, evaluation and selection of corporate strategies, planning of functional strategies, implementation of the strategic plan, control of the plan and practices. According to this, with strategic planning, when institutions plan their future based on analytics, they can predict how many will take place, and thus their practices become much more robust, sound and profitable.

Yasam Ayavefe


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